Zil 130

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Truck ZIL-130 was produced at the Plant. Likhachev from 1962 to 1994, with the first prototypes were created in 1958. His predecessor was the ZIL-164. One of the modifications was all-wheel drive triaxial ZIL-131.

ZIL-130 is one of the most popular Soviet trucks. A total of 3 million 380 thousand of such machines were produced before 1994. In 1995, production was transferred to the ZIL branch - the Ural Automobile Plant, where the model became known as the UamZ-43140 and the cab and hood of the all-wheel-drive ZIL-131 (6x6) car, which has been produced at this enterprise since 1990, was installed on it. In addition, ZIL-130 trucks were manufactured under license in China.

It should be recognized that the ZIL-130 was quite a modern car for those years. It was distinguished from its predecessor by a number of advantages - an increased carrying capacity, a powerful engine for that time, a “solid” appearance, characterized by a wide hood, convex wings and a spacious cabin with a panoramic windshield.

The most significant upgrades of the ZIL-130 were made in 1966 (ZIL-130-66) and 1977 (ZIL-130-76). On the basis of the "130th" produced on-board cars, vans, construction and agricultural dump trucks, tank trucks, cranes, fire engines, etc. Until 1986, there were 35 versions of this truck with different bodies and equipment, differing wheelbase, drive type, climate performance and equipment.

ZIL-130 became the first truck of the Plant. Likhachev, who began to regularly paint in civil colors: white and blue; before that, all the trucks of this manufacturer were painted in “military” green.

The car body was a wooden platform with metal transverse bars of the base, with folding rear and side boards. Provided for the installation of the extension boards and the awning with the frame. Triple cabin located behind the engine. The driver's seat was adjusted in length, height and backrest tilt.

The load capacity of the cars of the first years of production was 4 tons, but since they had a large margin of safety, then in 1965 it was increased to 5 tons, and in 1977 they began to release a modernized model - ZIL-130-76, which had a carrying capacity of 6 tons and capable of towing trailer with a permissible weight of 8 tons with a dead weight of 4300 kg. The “76th” was also different in appearance: it had a changed radiator grille and lower headlights.

Zil 130 story

An 8-cylinder, 4-stroke carburettor engine with a volume of 6 liters, 150 hp / 3200 rpm and with a torque of 402 Nm / 1900 rpm was installed on the vehicle. The maximum speed reached 90 km / h. The average consumption of gasoline A-76 at a speed of 40 km / h is 29 liters per 100 km. The engine was aggregated with a 5-speed manual gearbox, which had synchronizers on 2, 3, 4 and 5th gears.

The steering mechanism consisted of a screw with a ball nut on the circulating balls and a piston rail, engaging with the toothed sector of the bipod shaft; power - built.

Front suspension on longitudinal semi-elliptical springs with hydraulic shock absorbers. The rear one included telescopic shock absorbers on longitudinal semi-elliptical springs, with additional springs.

Drum brakes on all wheels, with pneumatic drive. Wheels - disc, rim 7.0-20, mount on 8 heels. The size of standard tires 9.00R20 (260R508).

Since 1986, in accordance with OST 37.001-269-83, cars of the ZIL-130 family have received new indices: ZIL-130 was renamed ZIL-431410, ZIL-130G - ZIL-431510, ZIL-130V1 - ZIL-441510, etc.

During its more than forty-year history, the ZIL-130 truck has established itself as a sturdy, reliable, unpretentious car in operation and easy to repair. Until now, on the roads of Russia, you can meet this car recognizable by all.

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