Frozen diesel or ground in the tank ... MERCEDES 308D T1.
An extensive family of light-duty delivery vehicles under the general T1 index, the Bm 601 series debuted in 1977. The number of modifications produced is difficult to count. All-metal vans, "combi" (3 - 5 passenger seats), minibuses, cargo and passenger and on-board cars with single or twin cab, chassis for the installation of bodies and special equipment, and even dump trucks with three-way unloading of the body. The variety of versions T1 is expanded in three versions of the base length (3 050, 3 350 or 3 700 mm) and two - the height of the roof (2 240 and 2 525 mm). Depending on the load capacity and, accordingly, the total mass, the rear wheels may have a single or double busbar. If we add to this set a wide range of engines, taking into account the range of ratios of the main gears plus the ability to install the automatic transmission, the total number of possible configurations will approach 500.
The volume of the cargo compartment of the Mercedes-Benz T1 varies from 7 m³ to 11.4 m³, and carrying capacity - from 825 kg to 2580 kg. Passenger versions of the T1 can accommodate up to 13 people including the driver. The total mass of some modifications of the T1 reaches 4.6 tons.
For 18 years of production, the appearance of the car has not changed. The idea of the exterior design of the T1 is standard for utilitarian Mercedes-Benz models from the period of the 70s to the 80s: they don't have the charm and elegance of today's Sprinter. Semi-structured layout, straight lines of body panels and head optics of strict forms do not look like avant-garde. Anti-corrosion resistance of the car at a high level. Thresholds, body welding areas and frames are galvanized. The wheel arches and the bottom of the van are protected by a special elastic coating, which also serves as a sound-absorbing material.
Salon Mercedes-Benz T1 - the kingdom of austerity and minimalism. Finishing materials are made in the spirit of the seventies from hard plastic. Because of the semi-layout and the desire for maximum compactness, landing in the T1 cab was not very convenient, mainly due to the high wheel arches. In addition, does not cause delight and ergonomics of the driver's seat: the front seats have a small number of adjustments. But the build quality at the height and the heating system is quite effective. The front compartment in the Kombi version can be separated from the cargo compartment either as a single or low partition. As standard, behind the front seats installed protective, steel partitions. Passenger modifications are quite roomy - the number of seats varies from 7 to 12, and there are instances, both with separate and twin seats. Transforming the cabin T1 from passenger to freight is quite a laborious task. The seats are attached to the floor with impressive bolts.
T1 was equipped with sliding side doors on both sides (in earlier versions you can also find hinged doors) with an opening size of 1 100x1 478 mm and rear hinged doors, the angle of rotation of which is adjustable using retainers (maximum 270 °). For standard versions of vans and minibuses loading height is 690 mm. On order for the T1, a small step was installed at the back to facilitate loading and unloading and to facilitate entry to the salon. Loading long and bulky goods in T1 is not difficult due to the high doors.
Under the hood of the T1 produced before 1982, you can find either a 2.5-liter 85-horsepower gasoline engine (with a carburetor) or a pre-chamber 72-horsepower diesel engine with a working volume of 2.4 liters. The last power unit is not very picky about the quality of the fuel and is relatively economical (15 - 17 l / 100 km). The installation of these engines continued until 1989. After five years of production, they were added a 3.0-liter five-cylinder diesel engine (OM617) with an output of 88 hp. But the designers did not stop there. From 1989 to 1995, up to decommissioning, the T1 was equipped with a 2.5-liter gasoline engine (with an injector) with a capacity of 105 hp, as well as two diesel engines with a working volume of 2.3 and 2.9 l, capacity respectively 79 and 95 hp Options for gearboxes are traditional for the 80s - either a five-step “mechanic” or an “automatic”. Since 1989, in an effort to increase the active safety of the T1 and its stability on the road, ABS has been proposed as an option.
The frame of the Mercedes-Benz T1 is made of a complex W-shaped steel profile, to which the body floor is welded. Thanks to this design, the frame can withstand high loads, which is not the case with the front suspension. Front suspension scheme - double lever. Dependent rear spring suspension - the traditional solution for Mercedes trucks.
The design was so successful that only in 1995 T1 was removed from production, and it was replaced by the modern Sprinter.