Zil 115

Test drive ZIL-114

The production of the limousine ZIL-115, which, according to experts, is a genuine masterpiece of the Soviet automobile industry, began in 1978, during the Cold War. The model was the successor to the ZIL-114, later its index began to be designated as ZIL-41047. The car was intended for top leaders of the state and carried a significant amount of design solutions that were strictly classified until the beginning of the 90s. According to the instructions for ensuring the secrecy of fully complete cars that have passed more than 100 thousand km, were destroyed; to date, only a few have survived.

In particular, the features of the design, because of which such security measures were taken, included covering the body with a special compound that provided protection against radiation; the windshield had a special screen, and the side and back were made of special triplex; Inside the doors and wings there was a special mount for the hinged armor; On wheels were heavy-duty bullet-proof Granit tires. In addition, almost all vital vehicle systems were duplicated, wiring, ignition and power systems were designed to work in emergency conditions, and the chassis was set up so that the car was practically non-overturned.

At the base of the 4-door body of the “sedan” type was a heavy, original, peripheral design, welded with a frame of closed box-section spars.

Painting the car was a complex, multi-stage process with applying paint in 9–15 layers, with intermediate drying and polishing of each layer. Later began to use more modern technology.

Dimensions of ZIL-115 6330/2068/1500 mm with a wheelbase of 3300 mm; curb weight with standard equipment was 3,550 kg. Ground clearance - 170 mm.

The internal space of the body is divided by a rising glass partition into the passenger compartment and the cabin for the driver and security guard. The salon is equipped with a sofa and two folding seats. It has a full power package, the front seats are trimmed with high-quality leather, the rear ones are equipped with expensive velor, and the doors, window frames and front panels are made of Karelian birch veneer.

The ergonomics of the driver’s seat are excellent: all the keys, buttons, control levers are very conveniently located: you don’t have to reach out; the steering wheel has a power steering, height adjustable and does not overlap the control devices. The right armchair, for the guard, is equipped with an electric window-lift with a system of instant lowering of glass. The air conditioning system consists of two independent climate systems.

The car was completed with a V-shaped 8-cylinder carburetor engine of 7.695 liters, which had an aluminum cylinder block. The power of this motor is 315 hp / 4400 rpm, torque - 608 Nm / 2500 rpm. The maximum speed of the car reached 200 km / h, and acceleration to 100 km / h took 13 s. Consumption of petrol AI-95 was 26 liters when driving at a speed of 120 km / h. The engine is aggregated with a 3-speed automatic transmission.

The front suspension is independent, without pivots, on the transverse levers, with torsions acting on the lower levers, and an anti-roll bar. Rear dependent spring suspension is also equipped with a stabilizer bar. The design of the suspension provides excellent smoothness on any surface. The driving wheels are rear.

Piston type steering gear with integrated hydraulic booster. Working pair - screw with nut on circulating balls and toothed sector. Despite its size, the car has good maneuverability: the minimum turning radius is 7.6 m.

The braking system of the car is equipped with working mechanisms with automatic adjustment of the gap and ventilated discs, and their hydraulic drive contains one vacuum and two hydraulic vacuum boosters and consists of two independent circuits, each of which provides braking for all wheels. The size of the tires 245/70 R16.

In the years of the USSR, the plant produced several cars a year on the orders of the Politburo or the Ministry of Defense. It is known that LI personally drove one of these cars. Brezhnev.

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