In 1979, the Golf gets a body with a separate trunk and the name of the modification Jetta. The driving force of the car was the 1.0 liter engine.
In March 1984, a sedan with the name of the second-generation Jetta appears, most unified with the Golf II. Structurally, the Golf and Jetta are so close that they can be considered cars of the same family. Jetta became the younger sister of the then popular VW Golf and externally differed from him body type (three-volume sedan with a trunk of 500 liters), the shape of the headlights, as well as the grille, but nevertheless was not a separate model of Volkswagen, but was only only a modification of the omnipresent Golf. It was produced in several versions: with 4 and 2 doors, the first is considered to be more convenient, the second more likeable.
The prototype for the 2-door coupe, which were released in a small party, served as a three-door body Golf. This modification was not very popular, and its release was discontinued in 1992.
The suspension was independent at the front, the semi-independent spring was at the back, the wheels were interconnected by an axle with a torsion effect. The car had a drive to the front wheels.
The choice of Jetta offered a large selection of engines.
- volume of 1.3 liters, 60 liters. with., and later 55 l. s., which consumes an average of 9 liters of gasoline per 100 km
- volume of 1.6 liters (1595 cm3), capacity of 75 liters. with., spending an average of 10 liters of petrol AI-98 per 100 km
- 1.6 liter diesel engine, 54 or 70 liter capacity with. turbocharged, consuming an average of 7 liters of diesel per 100 km.
The sports version with the GTI logo was fitted with a gasoline engine of 1.8 liters capacity of 90 or 112 liters. with. with petrol injection, which consumes an average of 11 liters of fuel per 100 km
On the body of the Jetta of the 80s, Volkswagen gave a 6-year warranty against rust-through corrosion provided that it was subjected to anti-corrosion treatment every 2 years and there was no external damage.
In mid-1988, the Jetta is undergoing modernization during which the designers have eliminated a significant drawback of the model - poor visibility through the rear-view mirrors. The fact is that on the front doors of the dorestayling versions there were pseudo forts so that their frames did not overlap the view, the mirrors had to be placed almost in the middle of the doors. In post-styled cars, the vents were removed, and the mirrors shifted to the corners of the window openings.
The interior of the cabin is decorated in a slightly angular style, but with all the details in German quality and durable. The upholstery is made of durable material that has passed the test of time with dignity.
On most versions, the brake system was equipped with front disc and rear drum mechanisms (rear disc brakes were installed only on the most powerful versions). The car enjoyed good demand and became one of the leaders in sales in the small-class sedan sector.
For a long time, the Jetta followed in the footsteps of the Golf, but in 1993 a year after the appearance of the third Golf series, the Jetta turned into a new VW Vento, and after the debut of the Golf IV, the Vento appeared instead of the Bora. Model Jetta was discontinued.
Now it is less and less possible to meet the old Jettou on the roads, but the owners appreciate her for her unpretentious service, resistance to Russian conditions of operation and high resistance to wear. For Jetta firmly established the glory of a cheap and strong car.
In 2005, an entirely new fifth generation Jetta replaced the VW Bora. The world premiere took place at the Los Angeles Auto Show. The German company presented a new middle-class sedan under a name that had already been forgotten.
The car is built on the basis of the Golf V. Compared with its predecessor, the new product has significantly increased in size. The body has become longer by 17.8 cm - now its length is 4.55 m. The height of the car has increased by 1.3 cm and is 1.46 m. In width, the Jetta added 4.6 cm and reached 1.78 m. Increase in external size has a positive effect on the internal space of the car. Legroom increased by 6.5 cm, and the width of the cabin - by 3.5 cm. The space above the head of the rear passengers increased by 2.4 centimeters. In general, the new Jetta's cabin is 5.4 cm longer than the Bora's and reaches 1.74 m.
The uniqueness of the classic Jetta sedan is that it is not inferior to hatchbacks and even minivans in terms of the transformation of the passenger compartment.
Undoubtedly, a roomy interior is the strong point of the new model, but far from the only one. Asymmetrically separated rear seatbacks in the folded position provide access to a spacious luggage compartment with a flat floor. In this state, the cabin of the new Jetta is ready to take on board items up to 1.9 m long. However, this is also not the limit. If desired, you can order a version with a folding backrest of the front passenger seat, which makes the possibilities of using the car impressive. The capacity of the luggage compartment is 527 liters, 72 liters more than the predecessor Bora. The maximum capacity of the Jetta reaches 602 kg, which allows you to use the amount of luggage without worrying about overloading the car. In addition, he is able to tow a trailer or car with a full weight of up to 1.7 tons.
The sporty and yet elegant silhouette of the Jetta reflects the impressive driving characteristics of the car. Emotional U-shaped grille in the new Volkswagen corporate style, as well as the chrome edging of the side glazing emphasize the independent character. Headlights and direction indicators combined under one transparent glass set aesthetic accents, providing excellent illumination of the road. Rear LED lights, parking lights, brake lights and direction indicators Jetta are created using advanced LED technology. The advantages of this technology are obvious: LED emitters are superior to conventional light taillights.
The ergonomic dashboard is built on an intuitive principle: all controls are at hand, and the instrument readings, thanks to the company's blue backlight, are perfectly readable at any time of the day. A wide range of settings for comfortable seats with lateral support will allow you to easily bring the chair to a comfortable position.
McPherson-type front suspension combined with the new multi-link rear suspension made the Jetta's handling, driving comfort and safety immaculate. A dynamic and safe running gear offers a synthesis of sporting performance and superior comfort. Radically improved compared to the Bora front axle strut, as well as a new rear axle thruster increases the car’s handling, ride comfort and safety. The front axle strut with the lower triangular wishbone, borrowed from Bora, has been completely redesigned. The thruster's rear axle of the new Jetta provides unrivaled ride comfort and excellent vehicle handling.
Jetta is one of the safest cars in the class. Already in the basic package includes six airbags. At the front, the system is represented by a 60-liter driver’s airbag and a 120-liter passenger. In addition to the front, side and top airbags, the new Jetta is equipped with side airbags for rear passengers. Isofix mounts for child seats are built into the back seat. However, the concern Volkswagen has developed a unique child seat - Bobsy GI Isofix Duo plus, with adjustments to the position of the backrest and seat belts. It is designed for ages from eight months to four years and weight up to 18 kg.
A powerful and stable braking system provides all the necessary conditions to minimize stopping distances. With ABS and ESP devices with integrated DBA (Dual Brake Assist) brake assist, the system contributes to vehicle safety.
Three levels of configuration Trendline, Comfortline or Sportline allow you to create a car based on personal preference.
Basic equipment (Trendline) includes: central locking with remote control, electric heated mirrors, power windows in front and behind, heated front seats, ABS, airbags for the driver and passenger, side curtains, electric power steering, air conditioning, headlight washers, package " bad roads "and many more options.
As an option for the Comfortline and Sportline, Volkswagen offers high-quality leather upholstery and a multifunctional three-spoke steering wheel decorated with leather and wood. Finishing is also offered for the parking brake and gear levers. Also for these complete sets are offered inlays of walnut wood, and for exclusive versions - Alu-Microtec decor (brushed aluminum) and Microtec-Anthrazit (brushed anthracite), which look most impressive in a beige interior (Pure Beige).
Jetta engine range starts with a 1.6-liter gasoline engine with a power of 102 hp, which is aggregated with a 5-speed manual gearbox. As an alternative, an engine with an FSI injection system is proposed: the 2.0-liter unit delivers 150 hp of power. The 2.0 FSI engine is paired with a 6-speed manual transmission or a 6-speed Tiptronic automatic.
For adherents of high-powered but economical power units, a diesel range of the latest generation of engines is proposed - created using TDI technology. This 105-horsepower engine 1.9 TDI, which is equipped with a standard 5-speed manual transmission. There is an option for installing the latest DSG box. Turbodiesel 2.0 TDI, 140 hp, works with both 6-speed manual transmission and DSG. It is noteworthy that both diesel engines are equipped with a progressive start system, which allows you to start the engine in all weather conditions. Both engines are characterized by excellent elasticity and efficiency.
In 2011, the Volkswagen Jetta sedan was completely modernized. The world saw the sixth generation in a row. Never before has a Jetta looked so sporty, had such a large size and did not consume so little fuel. Jetta 2011 - is a solid, representative 4-door sedan, not without elegance and elegance. The design team was led by Walter de’Silva (Walter de Silva), former head of Audi design bureau. Exterior turned out more aggressive than the previous model. Completely redesigned front end. The car said goodbye to massive chrome grilles. The bumper is now divided into two parts, and there are two rows of headlights on the sides. Lower air intakes and fog lamps look more harmonious, and the forward-facing spoiler along the front of the car looks a bit pretentious. Because of its strict lines and neat shapes, the car’s visual appearance seems much more compact than it actually is.
For the first time in a 30-year history, the new generation of the Volkswagen Jetta is not a version of the Volkswagen Golf. The sixth generation has a longer wheelbase (265.2 cm), and this gives a lot more free space for rear passengers. The total length of the model is 462.8 cm, which is 7.4 cm longer than the 2010 model. But the height has decreased just enough that the sedan has a more sporty profile. Such dimensions allowed the Jetta to perfectly fill the gap between the compact Golf (4.20 meters) and the new Passat (4.77 meters in length).
Designers and engineers also worked hard at creating a completely new interior. The design of the front panel in a distinctive corporate style, harmonious colors. Competent ergonomics of the cockpit, harsh, but well-shaped driver's seat (tight lateral support of the hull) is regulated not only longitudinally, but also in height. The steering wheel is adjusted for the angle of inclination and departure, and in more expensive versions, navigation is offered along with an intuitive and convenient (touch) "interface" for controlling onboard systems. Workmanship at the highest level.
The capacity of the trunk - 510 liters. Folding rear seat backs allow you to load, if necessary, "long-length." The boot lid folds gas shock absorbers very widely and falls on the seals without the usual rumble.
The second key advantage of the Jetta is its economy. Not without pride, the manufacturer claims that the sixth generation can consume 20% less fuel than its predecessors. This is in terms of the BlueMotion versions with recuperation, a start-stop system and super-efficient gasoline and diesel engines. But the usual versions differ extremely modest appetites. 1.6 TDI engine with 77 kW / 105 hp This eco-friendly version of the BlueMotion turbo diesel engine with a battery injection system consumes only 4.2 l / 100 km (equivalent to 109 g / km CO2). The same can be said about the 1.2 TSI engine, which is also made using BlueMotion technology and has a power of 77 kW / 105 hp. This gasoline engine with direct injection and turbocharging consumes only 5.3 l / 100 km (equivalent to 123 g / km CO2), which is an exceptional achievement, since the maximum speed of a car equipped with this engine is 190 km / h. More powerful engines are also available to order: turbo diesel TDI 103 kW / 140 hp and three TSI petrol engines with a power of 90 kW / 122 hp, 118 kW / 160 hp and 147 kW / 200 hp Thus, the Jetta is equipped exclusively with turbocharged, high-tech engines with direct injection. All engines, with the exception of TSI 105 hp, aggregated with an automated gearbox with two clutches (DSG).
The Trendline package is basic for the Jetta series models. The staffing equipment includes: ABS with a full set of brake assistants, ESP dynamic stabilization system, six airbags, the number of which can be increased to eight, five advanced safety head restraints (front seats are equipped with active head restraints), an indicator of non-fastened seat belts, an automatic alarm activation system in case of emergency braking, Hill Climb Assist. Plus a durable body. Three types of steel are used only in the supporting structure. The most rigid and durable form a safety cage around the cabin, and more plastic due to controlled deformation designed to absorb the impact energy.
Volkswagen Jetta is a stylish, modern and reliable car.