The first time Mitsubishi Lancer was introduced to the world market in 1973.
Mitsubishi LANCER 2019
The first charged version of the Lancer was the model with an index of 1600 GSR, which won the East African Safari Rally three times from 1974 to 1976. Under the hood of this version there was an engine with two carburetors, with it the car covered a 400-meter distance in 16.4 seconds.
In 1975, a three-door hatchback Mitsubishi Lancer Celeste appeared with a completely new body. The car was produced with 1.4 and 1.6-liter engines, then 2-liter was added to them. This model was actively exported - in the USA it was sold under the name of Plymouth Arrow, in Australia - the Chrysler Lancer Coupe.
In 1976, the second-generation Mitsubishi Lancer entered the series, which in fact was an upgrade to an existing car. The car became more angular and this time it was made only in a four-door body. The main changes are a different design of the front end and enlarged bumpers that meet US safety standards: from the end of 1976, Lancer began to be supplied to the USA, where it was sold under the name Dodge Colt.
The third generation of the model appeared in 1979 and was called the Lancer EX in Japan. The Italian designer Aldo Cezano worked on the style of this generation. The highest level of comfort for those times was created by an elegant trim, comfortable seats made of polyurethane and first-class air conditioning. The interior has become more spacious, and the four-link independent has replaced the dependent rear suspension. Initially, only two engines were offered - with a volume of 1.4 and 1.6 liters. Both have been applied proprietary technology Silent Shaft with two balance shafts to reduce vibrations. In 1980 he debuted the Lancer with the 1.8 engine, which was available in both atmospheric and turbocharged versions. And for some markets offered Lancer 2000 Turbo with a two-liter engine producing 170 hp. In 1981, the "budget" version with the engine 1.2.
One year later, in 1983, the fifth generation Lancer was introduced. There were engines with fuel injection and turbochargers. The top version, for example, was equipped with a turbocharged engine (1.6 liters, 120 hp). The novelty was a diesel engine of 1.8 liters. In addition, a modification with a 1.5 liter engine equipped with an MD (Modulated Displacement) system was first proposed. It allowed for some time to disconnect two of four cylinders and thereby save from 10% to 20% of fuel.
2010 Mitsubishi Lancer GTS: Regular Car Reviews
In the fall of 1991, the “seventh” Lancer was presented at the Tokyo Auto Show. A year later, a versatile version appeared (Libero in the Japanese market), and the hatchback disappeared from the production program. The two-door coupe in Japan was called the Mirage Asti Coupe, and in foreign markets the Lancer Coupe. For Europe, three engines were offered - gasoline of 1.3 and 1.6 liters, as well as a two-liter diesel engine. Along with a wide choice of various engines, all modifications were completed with automatic transmissions with electronic control and original adaptive "automatic" Mitsubishi INVECS-4A / T. The car was distinguished by a high level of active and passive safety, best-in-class handling and fuel economy. The seventh generation was remembered primarily by the GSR version, which marked the beginning of the legendary Evolution family. It was put on the 4G93 turbo engine of 1.8 liters capacity of 195 hp. and all-wheel drive transmission from the Galant VR-4. In the Japanese market was another exotic version - with the smallest V6 at the time, the engine size was 1.6 liters.
In March 1995, Mitsubishi Lancer made his eighth generation debut with a rougher and "faceted" appearance. Of the available bodies, only the sedan remained, although in some markets a coupe was also offered. The driver’s airbag was standard equipment, and a passenger airbag was offered for a surcharge. European buyers were offered two gasoline engines of 1.3 and 1.6 liters. In other countries, the choice of power units was much broader.
In 2000, Japan began selling the ninth-generation Mitsubishi Lancer, which received its own name Cedia, although the majority of foreign markets still offered the eighth-generation Lancer. The Cedia was available in two body styles: the Station Wagon sedan and station wagon. In 2002, Cedia appeared in the USA and Australia. For the European market, the result of the Cedia restyling conducted in 2003 is considered to be the ninth generation Lancer for the European market. The car was offered with a sedan and wagon, and from the Japanese version of the Lancer Cedia different design of the front. The car received a slightly aggressive “muscular” shape, underlined headlights, double radiator grille and a central element with a large chrome emblem.
The overall height of the Lancer IX is more than 50 mm than the predecessor, and the overall length is 185 mm, which has a positive effect on the capacity of the passenger compartment and the luggage compartment. Thanks to the wheelbase extended by 100 mm, the ninth-generation Lancer has 60 mm more legroom for front and rear passengers. The salon combines comfort and convenience, every detail is carefully thought out and calculated. Adjustable driver's seat, adjustable steering wheel, simple rotary knobs for controlling air conditioning and heated seats provide intuitive controls.
Lancer IX with a sedan body was offered with three injection petrol engines: 1.3, 1.6 and 2.0 liters. In these modern engines, Mitsubishi makes extensive use of lightweight alloys for weight reduction, as well as a 16-valve timing system. This provides high fuel efficiency and low exhaust emissions. The manufacturer offered three gearboxes: a 5-speed manual for the 1.3-liter engine, a 4-speed automatic with a manual shift mode for the 1.6 engine and a 5-speed for the 2.0-liter version. In the Japanese market, the Lancer was offered with engines of 1.5 and 1.8 liters, while in North America a version with a 2.4-liter four-cylinder engine (164 hp) was sold.
Independent suspension (front type MacPherson, rear - multi-link with the effect of passive steering) provides the Lancer with a combination of riding comfort and high directional stability, achieving the highest possible grip. It is very energy-intensive and provides smooth running and high reliability on the road with any surface, whether it is asphalt, gravel, icy road or country road.
Lancer IX received the most modern systems of active and passive safety: reliable chassis with perfect independent suspensions, providing high stability and the absence of excessive body rolls, informative steering with a clear action. ABS helps to maintain directional stability during heavy braking on slippery surfaces. The EBD (Electronic Brake Distribution) system improves brake efficiency, always taking care of the ideal distribution of brake forces between the front and rear wheels for any load. The car was equipped with air bags, seat belts with pretensioners and force limiters. In case of an accident, a crash-proof steering column collapses in specially designed places, “leaving” the driver. For complete peace of mind, there are ISOFIX mounts for child seats at the back.