Gaz 69

GAZ-69. The legend of our off-road. Anton Avtoman.

GAZ-69 - passenger car. It was produced from 1953 to 1972. Although the first prototypes of the GAZ-69 appeared in 1948. Created by a team of designers of the Gorky Automobile Plant (F. A. Lependin, G. K. Schneider, B. N. Pankratov, S. G. Zislin, V. F. Filyukov, V. I. Podolsky, V. S. Solovyov, under guidance GM Wasserman) to replace the model GAZ-67B. Like the previous Gorky “jeeps” (GAZ-64, GAZ-67, GAZ-67B), the GAZ-69 was popularly called the “goat”. In spite of the fact that at first he was called the “Worker,” the nickname “goat” (apparently, which characterized the driving characteristics) stuck to the car anyway.

From the outset, the new car was produced in two versions. The first is a GAZ-69 with a two-door eight-body. The Gorky plant began their production in 1953, and at the same time (since December 1954), the Ulyanovsk automobile plant also assembled these all-terrain vehicles. The second modification - GAZ-69A - had a five-door body. Fully on the release of GAZ-69 and GAZ-69A from the nodes of its own production UAZ passed after 1956.

The design of the Soviet jeep was thought out carefully: like any all-wheel drive of that time, it had a frame that was stamped from sheet steel. The car received a simplified body with an all-metal base and a removable canvas awning (if necessary, it could be put into the body along with the frame). In the back there were brackets for fastening a shovel, an ax, a stretcher, openings for storing removable upper door halves. On the dashboard and the backside of the front seats were handrails - for the convenience of passengers. A heater was installed in the car, the power of which made it possible to maintain the room temperature in the cabin even at 20 degrees of frost, and the windshield was blown with warm air.

GAZ-69 was equipped with a 4-cylinder engine with a low valve volume of 2.12 liters and a power of 55 hp at 3600 rpm. With him, the car could accelerate to 90 km / h. The average fuel consumption on the highway was estimated at 12 liters per 100 km, and the fuel supply (in two 75-liter gas tanks) allowed more than 1,000 km to be driven without refueling.

The guy bought the old GAZ-69 and made the Search GAZ 69 out of it.

"Goat" was used as a private car, and as a special vehicle. According to experts of the Gorky Automobile Plant, GAZ-69 assisted agricultural workers on virgin soil, served workers at drifting polar stations, participated in parades on Red Square, and also served in the army as a towing vehicle (even anti-tank), mortars and heavy machine guns.

On the basis of the car several more modifications were developed and produced: a five-seater GAZ-69A, a delivery van with an all-metal body GAZ-69B and GAZ-19, a floating GAZ-46, a motor-sledge of four types, a frameless passenger all-terrain vehicle GAZ-M-72. In 1957, a Soviet jeep entered the world market — it was begun to be exported for the military needs of various states. It was delivered in 56 countries of the world. Technical documentation for the SUV even transferred to North Korea and Romania, who launched its production at their factories. At GAZ, the car was produced until 1956. Then its production was transferred to the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant, which slightly upgraded the “goat” and made it until 1976. For 23 years, both plants produced a total of more than 600 thousand GAZ-69. On the roads of Russia (and even some other countries) cars of this model are still found.

From the middle of 1955, the Gorky plant began to manufacture the M-72, the original car that combines the GAZ-69 chassis [1] with the Pobeda body. This car left the assembly line by 1958. In addition, at the GAZ-69 units, the plant at the same time made the amphibious GAZ-46.

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