Gaz 24


The GAZ 24 Volga is a middle-class passenger car, which was first introduced by the Russian automobile company GAZ (Gorky Automobile Plant) in 1968, and its serial production began in 1970. The car replaced the previously produced model called GAZ 21. The model range of the 24th includes three series, the first was produced from 1970 to 1977, the second from 1977 to 1985, and the third from 1986 to 1993. For all the time of release there were many modifications and improvements of the car. The model itself was offered in a 4-door sedan, but there were also versions in a 5-door station wagon.

The first modification (1970-1971) in a 4-door sedan was intended for use in taxi services and was marked with GAZ 24-01. This version was equipped with an 85hp ZMZ-2401 engine, a special marking of a checkered body, a free green lamp, a leatherette interior trim that allows sanitation, and a taximeter was installed instead of a receiver. The second modification of the GAZ 24-02 was released in 1972, it was a model in a 5-door station wagon, the production of which lasted until 1986. In 1977, a new version was presented for taxi services, which was equipped with gas-cylinder equipment. Its production was completed in 1985. There was also a modification that was intended for use by the special services and was called GAZ 24-24. Its distinguishing features were: a VM ZMZ-2424 power unit with a volume of 5.53 liters and a power of 195 hp, borrowed from the GAZ-13 Chaika, and a 3-speed automatic transmission, as well as power steering. As for the transmission, the other versions (except GAZ 24-24) were equipped with a 4-speed manual gearbox with synchronizers in the first and fourth gears. There were also export cars GAZ 24-54 with right-hand drive, which produced only 1000 copies.

In the period from 1970 to 1975. The car has undergone some changes. The mirrors on the front fenders of the first production cars were inconvenient in operation, as a result, the right mirror was removed, and the left one was transferred to the door; also installed a more reliable trunk lock, new springs with a different profile sheet, the ignition lock was unified with VAZ cars. The speedometer of the original design (tape) was replaced with a traditional turnout switch, since the readings of the tape device were difficult to read due to vibrations of the tape during operation. On the rear roof racks installed parking lights, lit when the passengers exit.

In 1977, during the development of the second GAZ 24 series, serious changes were made to the design of the car, both in the exterior and in the cabin. The car received fangs on bumpers, seat belts, fog lights, an updated instrument panel with a upholstered lower part and new fully black handles, there were other, smaller changes.

The second series lasted until 1985, when the car was once again modernized, and a version of the third series called GAZ 24-10 was born. For it was proposed two versions of the engines ZMZ-402.10 and ZMZ-4021.10 2.5 liters in volume and 100 and 90 hp. In the suspension, changes were aimed at improving directional stability, and also it became possible to use wide wheels. The brake system has been improved. New wheels with a wider rim, radial tubeless tires and plastic caps have also appeared. The front doors were now without vents, and the front parking lights were moved to the headlights. Handbrake lever moved from under the instrument panel to the usual place between the front seats.

Production of the GAZ 24-10 was completed in 1993, and its replacement later became the GAZ 31029 model, which has been in production since 1992.

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