The car VAZ-2121 "Niva" is a design development of AvtoVAZ JSC. Available since 1977. This is a car for off-road driving, traveling to hard-to-reach places, hunting and fishing trips. Folding rear seat allows you to place and carry a variety of loads. Connector tailgate on the level of the floor provides ease of loading and unloading.
The Niva is an all-terrain vehicle with a permanent non-dismountable drive for all wheels (for off-road vehicles to the Niva, this was only the Range Rover) with a center differential and a transfer case with a lowering row. The car had a very progressive design, combining excellent off-road qualities with the comfort of a passenger car, and had practically no analogues at that time. Successfully exported to many countries. The car became one of the first representatives of the so popular "parquet" SUVs.
Body - all-metal, carrying, three-door, equipped with seat belts. The front seats - with headrests, adjustable in length and tilt backs, recline forward. The rear folds to increase the luggage compartment. By request the car is equipped with rear window with electric heating, wiper and rear window washer.
Another feature of this unique machine was the use of units of passenger cars. So, its engine was created on the basis of the 2106, gearbox and rear axle also borrowed from this machine. Despite this, "Niva" has a unique maneuverability for such a machine.
The car was installed 4-speed gearbox with synchronizers on the forward gears, or 5-speed gearbox. The transfer box is a two-stage, with a center differential having a forced lock. The cardan transmission consists of an intermediate cardan shaft (connects the gearbox to the transfer case) and the cardan shafts of the drive for the front and rear axles.
Independent front suspension, on the transverse rocking levers, with coil springs, hydraulic shock absorbers and anti-roll bar. Rear - dependent, with coil springs, hydraulic shock absorbers, four longitudinal and one transverse rods.
Since the start of production, versions with a 1.6-liter four-cylinder carburetor gasoline engine (VAZ-21210) have been produced. A modification of 21211 that appeared later with the 1.3 engine was not successful.
As a result of the modernization of 1993, a new model "Taiga" was born, which was assigned the index "VAZ-21213". This is a four-seater all-terrain car with a permanent non-switchable all wheel drive. With their predecessor "Niva" these models are similar as twin sisters. It is hard to believe that between these modifications is 16 years old. During these years, the plant made almost no changes to the design of 2121. Yes, and the changes made in 21,213 "pull" rather on cosmetic ...
Externally, the new car has a modified rear end. At 21213th "long", to the bumper of the third door and the new rear Fanari. Loading anything in the luggage compartment has become much easier. From the back door the lock disappeared, which was constantly clogged with dirt. You can open it only from the salon. True, the location of the handle, which opens the trunk, under the elbow of the rear left passenger is difficult to call successful: you have to act "by touch". And it will not be possible to fill the trunk with small items until the shelf - the “long” door makes 213 a little bit a “dump truck”. The bumper is now painted in a light gray color, which is more practical than the former unpainted aluminum.
Inside, a new panel, new seats, new facings. The instrument panel is now "a la" -21083. Only here the glare from her at night illuminates the windshield. New seats are also made in the image and likeness of the "eighths". They are more convenient and modern than the previous ones. But the mechanism that, for the passage of the rear passenger, tilts the back and pushes the seat forward is not reliable - it fails after half a hundred operations, because of the distortions that have appeared, the back is not willing to stand in place. Plastic rear side panels creak and prominyutsya from light pressure. But now, next to the left rear passenger in the sidewall there is a pocket - you can store a rag or something else in it.
The engine is also updated. The working volume is increased to 1700 cm. A contactless ignition system and a carburetor of the type "Solex" - again "a la" "eight" are used. Invisible, but very serious improvement - a new form of the combustion chamber. Refinement of the engine, together with changes in the transmission allowed to significantly reduce fuel consumption.
In the transmission of the new machine five-speed gearbox and final drive with a ratio of 3.9. Reinforced crosses are used (unfortunately this does not mean more durable). Their size has changed and grease nipples have appeared. In the drive transfer case - CV joints. The purpose of its installation is to reduce vibration and transmission noise.
In the brake system applied vacuum booster and the master cylinder from the "eight". The effort on the pedals has decreased, but the wheel now lies "upside down" and nothing can be put into it. In addition, the procedure for adjusting the steering gearbox is incredibly complicated - now you can only crawl to it with a curved screwdriver. In the exhaust system - new mufflers. Their bodies are not welded, but rolled, as in the machines of the "eighth" family.
A modification of the VAZ-21214 with central fuel injection was produced for the foreign market. In the version "standard" - VAZ-21214-00. This car is a design development of AVTOVAZ JSC with a permanent non-disconnectable drive of all wheels with a center differential lock and a transfer case with a lowering row ..
The AvtoVAZ JSC model range also included a temporarily produced transitional version 21219 - a combination of the old body 2121 and engine with transmission 21213. On request, cars can be equipped with a Peugeot diesel engine with a displacement of 1.9 liters (VAZ-21215).