In 1980, the first-born of the “second generation” rear-wheel drive cars appeared - the VAZ 2105 sedan. The model emerged as a result of a rather serious modernization of previously produced VAZ cars of the “classic” layout. On the basis of the model 2105, a little later appeared: the “luxury” sedan VAZ 2107 and the station wagon VAZ 2104. These models, together with the 2105, eventually replaced the models of the “first generation” (with the exception of the 2106).
Model VAZ-2105 in its design is almost consistent with the European fashion of the early 1980s. This allowed selling the model in a number of European countries for many more years. Although in Europe such rear-wheel drive four-door five-seater sedans already in the 70s began to take the position of front-wheel drive models. Since its introduction (and now even more), this classic sedan has not become prestigious for many car owners and, accordingly, has not become AvtoVAZ’s mass production. This did not prevent him until the appearance of front-wheel-drive VAZ to be considered the most progressive design. Externally, the car received straightened lines of body design, large rectangular block headlights in front and behind, aluminum bumpers, fenders then fashionable wings, a camshaft drive belt, and not the usual chain. The ventilation system differs from the previous ones by the presence of rectangular deflectors. Electrically heated rear window - standard equipment! The fuse box and the relay passed into the engine compartment.
The VAZ-2105 model range still being produced reflects the very essence of the modern concept of a vehicle. Somewhat austere salon can only spoil the first impression by the build quality and the level of equipment, but not by the price (especially after devaluation)! The salon has undergone significant changes: a new instrument panel, new seats and door trim. The salon is not very big - to match all the "Zhiguli", but the new materials, the headrests of the front seats and the acceptable workplace of the driver (the driver's seat is shifted back, which allows more comfortable driving for more tall drivers) make a better impression than its predecessor - VAZ- 2101. However, as before, the three of us in the back seat are still cramped. In some cars of the latest editions, the wiring has been changed due to the dashboard configuration from the model VAZ-2107. Due to the change and simplification of the electrical part, which is held almost annually by the manufacturer, such models have to consistently check the operation of ALL ELECTRICAL CONSUMERS at such models when buying from hands!
From the beginning of production, the VAZ 2105 was equipped with 1.3-liter carburetor engines with a capacity of 64 hp. (with a camshaft belt drive), these cars were also completed with 69-strong (according to the old GOST) VAZ-21011 engines, which until 1986 were supplied with oil filters of the 2101 type. Subsequently, they were replaced with compact type 2105. The engines were constantly upgraded. Later, a modification of the VAZ-21053 with a VAZ-2103 engine of 72 hp was mastered. (according to the new GOST). For a long time, the VAZ-21051 was modified with a 1.2-liter VAZ-2101 engine with a capacity of 64 hp. (according to the old GOST).
From 1982 to 1984, together with the rocker arms of steel valves 40H, the camshafts were nitrated instead of quenching with high frequency resistance to increase wear resistance, which provided increased corrosion resistance, wear resistance and high resistance to alternating loads. Since 1985 installed camshafts with bleaching cams. These shafts have a hexagonal belt between the third and fourth cams. From the same year, the models mounted 45-liter fuel tanks for AI-93 gasoline without drain plugs instead of 39-liter gas tanks with drain plugs.
Type 2105 carburetors with a forced idling economizer (EPHH), which allows for reducing engine emissions of carbon monoxide (notorious CO) when braking the engine and reducing fuel consumption, were mounted on engines until 1985. Then they began the installation of simpler in design carburetors of type 21051, which until 1987 were equipped with an econostat. Since 1986, instead of the ST-221 starter, a 35.3708 type starter and an additional ignition relay have been installed. Changed and cooling system. Thus, since 1988, on the "fives" (the informal name of the VAZ-2105 and modifications in the driver's environment) radiators with aluminum cores were installed, made of two rows of horizontal aluminum tubes of circular cross section and cooling plates. On sedans, in addition to the four-speed gearboxes, since 1985, they have assembled standardized five-speed VAZ-2112 types based on them, and later - the VAZ-21074 type. With the curtailment at AvtoVAZ of the production of low-powered 1.2-and 1.3-liter engine models, only the most powerful 1.5-liter VAZ-21053 modification remained in production, the configuration of which can vary significantly between the interior trim (from leatherette to velor) and others. This should be noted that small series of special orders for traffic police, Interior Ministry, FSB and other intelligence services produce cars VAZ 21054, which are additionally equipped with a second gas tank and a second battery.
VAZ-21057 (Lada Riva) - a model similar to the VAZ 21053, but with the right-hand steering column. The layout of the control pedals and the brake servo is changed accordingly. Changed the motion algorithm of the windshield wipers. They move from left to right, which is due to the 'mirror' wiper drive mechanism. This export version with the right wheel and 1.5 liters. engine produced in 1992-1997 for the UK
Since 2001, a new model-picking program has been adopted; for the VAZ 2105 model, two types of performance have appeared: the “standard” and the “norm”.
In general, the second-generation rear-wheel drive “Zhiguli” is still in steady demand among the unbalanced domestic public, which is ready to forgive many flaws in the assembly and low-quality components for cheapness and availability of spare parts. Handling "classics" on slippery winter roads is also well below world requirements.