Gaz 21

Volga GAZ-21 Pro-Turing 1 series beginning ...

The GAZ 21 model is a passenger car that was first introduced by the Russian automobile company GAZ (Gorky Automobile Plant) in October 1956. It was the first "Volga" in the domestic automotive industry. At that time, three cars were assembled, and already mass production of the model was launched from April 1957. The team, which worked on the creation of GAZ 21, included representatives from several countries: Lead Designer Alexander Nevzorov, designer Lev Yeremeyev, American engineer Harry Evart (was developing the overhead valve engine) and Englishman John Williams, who was engaged in a parallel exterior project. It is worth noting that in 1958 at the international exhibition in Brussels, where the best examples of world industry were presented, the GAZ 21 Volga was awarded the Grand Prix. Export GAZ 21 was produced in 75 countries.

For 14 years of production, the car has undergone various changes, both in appearance and in technical terms. It was developed 53 modifications that differed in design, construction, and body shape (the body was all-metal). The most common are taxi, station wagon (GAZ 22), sanitary. There were also quite specific versions, like GAZ 21 AYU and GAZ 21 HU, which were specifically assembled to work in tropical climates.

The first "Volga" were equipped with an automatic transmission (the first serial domestic car with automatic transmission), which was in turn the original, and not borrowed from American automakers. But due to the fact that it required specialized repairs at official service stations, this limited sales in parts of the country distant from the capital. Therefore, it was decided to replace the "automatic" mechanical three-stage transmission with synchronizers in the second and third gears. In total, about 700 cars with automatic transmissions were mass-produced, which were sold and presented to mainly famous people. Equipping with “automata” on request was carried out until 1962.

Under the hood of the car GAZ 21 was installed four-cylinder engine with a volume of 2.5 liters, whose power was 75-80 horsepower. With such a power unit, the maximum speed of the car was 130 km / h. The suspension had telescopic shock absorbers instead of the lever lever of the time. Note that there were diesel copies of the 21st Volga. Diesel units, however, were of foreign production. The first diesel engine for the GAZ 21 was the English 1.6-liter 48-horsepower Perkins. Then he was replaced by a 2.3-liter power unit from the company Rover with a capacity of 62 hp. And the last option was a “diesel” from Peugeot with a volume of 1.9 liters and 58 hp. A total of 167 diesel copies of the GAZ 21 were produced.

The interior of the car GAZ 21 was very spacious and had excellent visibility. The interior has also been modified several times during production. These include various options for used interior trim materials and various adjustments to the instrument cluster on the dashboard.

July 15, 1970 the last Volga GAZ 21 was assembled. For all the production time, 638,875 vehicles were assembled.

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