Ford escort

300hp Ford Escort Mk2 Millington Engine Sound - Frank Kelly Show at Rally Legend!

In 1967, the Ford Escort replaced Anglia. The car, which was destined to go down in history as the best-selling Ford after the Ford T and remembered by motorists for the original grille, resembling a dog bone. The first-generation Escort was represented by rear-wheel drive sedans in two- and four-door versions. The main driving force was the Kent gasoline engines of 1.1 liter (39 and 45 hp) and 1.3 liter (from 52 to 72 hp).

It was offered several complete sets of Standart, De Luxe and Super versions of the Estate (4 doors, 4 seats) and Saloon (2/4 doors, 4 seats). There were many sports modifications (GT, Sport, Twin Cam, Mexico, 1300E, RS1600, RS2000), on which more powerful engines up to 2.0 liters were installed.

Over the eight years of production, the Escort I has sold more than a million vehicles. The key to this popularity was the participation of Escort in various races.

In early 1975, the car was modernized, and in 1976, it was replaced by the second generation Escort. Rectangular shapes, fashionable at that time, became its business card. The model was produced with several versions of the bodywork: Saloon and Estate (2/4 doors, 4 seats), and besides the standard, there were complete sets of L, GL, Sport and Ghia.

Gamma engines for the Escort II has been upgraded. The choice of the buyer provided: volume of 1.1 and 1.3 liters (from 45 to 70 hp), and on sports versions of the Escort II RS were installed engines of 1.6 liters (84 hp) and 2.0 liters (101 and 110 hp .). For some modifications could be installed automatic transmission.

In 1975, Ford releases the Escort II Turnier station wagon equipped with a 1.3 liter engine and 54 hp.

The second generation was held on the conveyor for six years, during which time about 2 million cars were released.

In 1980 he made his debut Escort III. It differed from its predecessors in front-wheel drive with a transverse engine. Produced in the form of a three- or five-door hatchback with a fashionable then angular design and the original stepped shape of the rear door. Not forgotten Ford specialists and the wagon. Escort III Turnier was released in 1980 and had a spacious trunk up to 1200 liters.

In 1981, on the basis of a station wagon, a Escort III Express pickup truck was created.

The Escort III installed petrol engines of the OHV Kent and CVH families with volumes ranging from 1.1 to 1.6 liters (from 50 to 97 hp), as well as a 1.6-liter diesel engine (54 hp).

Since 1982, the sports three-door Escort III XR3i begins to be produced. This car was equipped with a 1.6 liter injection engine (105 hp) and additional spoilers.

Produced since 1983, a modification with a sedan was called Orion. Also in 1983, the Escort III Cabrio convertible was born.

For all, the modification offered a variety of configurations - from a simple base to a luxury Ghia

In 1984, the more "charged" version of the Escort III RS Turbo with a 1.6-liter turbocharged injection engine (132 hp) was released. On the modification with the engine capacity of 1.6 liters capacity of 90 hp. set 3-band automatic transmission.

In 1986, the Escort III went through a cosmetic upgrade, which resulted in the fourth generation of the Escort.

Basically, the changes affected the design of the bumpers (they have become wider), the bonnet and the interior. The sedan version was still called the Orion. In addition to it, the Escort IV Turnier wagon, the Escort IV Express pickup and the Escort IV Cabrio cabriolet were produced.

The engine range has also changed - gasoline carburetor and injection engines with a volume from 1.1 to 1.6 liters (from 50 to 102 hp), as well as diesel engines with a volume of 1.6 liters (54 hp), 1.7 liters (60 liters) were installed on the Escort IV. . p.) and 1.8 liters (60 hp). The release of the sports versions of the Escort IV XR3i and Escort RS Turbo with 1.6-liter engines (105 and 132 hp, respectively) continued. Since January 1987, all cars began to equip the catalytic converter exhaust gases.

Production of the Escort IV continued until the fall of 1990, since in September of this year, the Escort V was introduced. The car now had a completely updated body and upgraded engines, but despite this, the public perceived the new model not too warm.

In addition to the hatchback, the Escort V Turnier station wagon, the Escort V Express pickup and Orion sedan continued to be produced. On the basis of the Ecsort V and produced a convertible.

The Escort V was equipped with gasoline engines with volumes ranging from 1.3 to 1.6 liters (from 60 to 105 hp), as well as diesel engines of 1.8 liters (60 and 90 hp with turbocharging)

In September 1991, the Escort RS2000 sports version with a 2.0-liter engine (150 hp) appeared, and in 1992, the more modest, but also sporty Escort XR3i with a 1.8-liter 1.8-liter engine (105 and 130 hp .).

Buyers and the automotive press in one voice said that the Escort is outdated, so two years after the release of the Escort V it was restyled, and the sixth generation of the Escort appeared. The main changes were made to the exterior: the outlines of the headlights became different, the front turn signal diffusers became white, the hood got a grille with an oval air intake slot and other bumpers without direction indicators.

Simultaneously with the launch of the release of the new Escort IV, the sedan was also updated, which was no longer called Orion. The Escort VI Turnier station wagon continued to be produced.

Modernization almost did not touch the mechanical part of the car. The Escort VI was equipped with petrol engines in volume from 1.3 to 1.8 liters (from 60 to 105 hp), as well as a 1.8-liter diesel engine (60 and 90 hp with turbocharging). All modifications could be equipped with a 1.6-valve and 1.8-liter Zetec engine, but mostly these engines were put on sports versions of the Escort VI XR3i. For the first time in the history of the Escort, the all-wheel drive version of the Escort VI 4x4 appeared.

Since 1993, a three-door Ford Escort RS 2000 has been offered, equipped with a 2.0-liter 16-valve engine (150 hp).

In the same year, the Escort VI Cabrio cabriolet was released with a body of 1.4 liter (73 hp) injection engines, as well as 1.6-liter (90 hp) and 1.8 liter 16-valve injection engines ( 105 and 130 hp). The latest engines were installed on the sports version of the Escort VI Cabrio XR3i convertible.

The three-door all-wheel drive Escort VI RS Cosworth with an engine capacity of 2.0 l / 220 hp became the most "charged" modification. Up to 100 km / h this car accelerated in 6.1 seconds.

In 1995, a major upgrade was made to the Escort VI, and the last seventh generation of cars of this series appeared. The exterior and interior design was improved, Escort acquired a more rounded shape and “inflated” bumpers. The list of standard equipment has been significantly expanded - it included power steering, airbags for the driver, ABS, air conditioning and much more.

Escort VI had a very spacious interior with a practical, very durable upholstery, quite comfortable seats and trunk volume (380-1145 liters in a hatchback).

The Escort VII was equipped with petrol engines in volume from 1.3 to 1.8 liters (from 60 to 115 hp), as well as a diesel engine of 1.8 liters (60, 70 and 90 hp). In addition to the hatchback, a modification was produced with a sedan, wagon Escort VII Turnier, pickup Escort VII Express and cabriolet Escort VII Cabrio.

In 1998, the release of Escort VII declined due to the development of the new Ford Focus. Gradually, the production of various modifications ceased, and in September 2000, the last European Escort came off the assembly line of the Ford plant in Essex.

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