The Most Beautiful Ferrari Ever? // Ferrari 275 GTB / 4
The Ferrari 275 is a Gran Turismo two-seat sports car, which was first introduced by the Italian car company Ferrari in October 1964 at the Paris Motor Show. The predecessor of the Ferrari 275 was a model called the Ferrari 250. For all the production time from 1964 to 1968. several modifications of the 275th model were released. The first version, which was just presented in Paris, was called Ferrari 275 GTB (Gran Turismo Berlinetta) and was produced in the coupe berlinetta.
The development of the design of the car Ferrari 275 engaged Italian bodybuilding studio Pininfarina. Virtually the entire body was made of steel, with the exception of some elements that were made of aluminum.
As for the engine, then under the hood of a Ferrari 275 GTB sports car was a 12-cylinder power unit Colombo V12 with a volume of 3.3 liters. The power of this engine was 250 hp The engine was offered in two versions. As standard, he had only three Weber carburetors, but there were also versions that were equipped with six carburetors, which gave an increase in power of about 20 hp. The maximum speed of the sports car was about 241 km / h. It is worth noting that the engine and transmission were placed under a special scheme called Transaxle. It lies in the fact that the engine is in front of the car, and the gearbox is attached directly to the rear gearbox, which allows for excellent weight distribution. As for the transmission, there was installed a 5-speed manual gearbox. For 2 years, 455 cars were produced.
Also in 1964, a version called the Ferrari 275 GTS (Gran Turismo Spyder) in the body of the spyder convertible was introduced. Basically it was intended for the American market. The folding roof slightly reduced the weight of the car, which had a positive effect on its dynamics. The elegant wheels of Borani added additional elegance to the appearance. From 1964 to 1966, only 200 cars were produced, most of which were sold in the United States.
In 1965, at the next Paris Motor Show, a version of the Ferrari 275 GTB called the Series II "Long Nose" with a slightly modified and slightly elongated front end was introduced. Note that the name "Long Nose" was not official. In turn, the version of the Series I 275th received the unofficial name - "Short nose".
At the same time, 4 lightweight versions of the Ferrari 275 called the Ferrari 275 Competizione Speciales were produced for the 1965 racing season, which were equipped with a 250 LM engine of 3.3 liters. The power of this power unit was 280 hp at 7600 rpm.
In 1966, 12 ultralight sports car models called the Ferrari 275 GTB / C were assembled for racing, which, like the Competizione Speciales cars, was equipped with a 250 LM engine. Although it was designed on the basis of the GTB model and had a similar appearance, but little was transferred from the previous model. Designer Mauro Forgieri (Mauro Forghieri) has developed a special ultralight chassis design for the 275th model of aluminum and steel alloys. The suspension was adapted from the civilian version of the car, but was also slightly modified and received additional springs, which made it tougher. The rear of the car was reinforced with fiberglass panels. The transmission was similar to that of the model 275 GTB.
Also in 1966, a version of the 275th model called the Ferrari 275 GTB / 4 was released, which was incredibly fast for that time. Its maximum speed was 265 km / h. This model was equipped with a 12-cylinder engine with 4 camshafts, whose power was 300 hp The updated body design was designed to improve the aerodynamics of the car, and raise its chances of winning in sports competitions. In total, until 1968, 280 copies of this model were produced.
It is also worth noting that in the period from 1967 to 1968. 10 copies of the Ferrari 275 GTB / 4 with an open top, which were called N.A.R.T. Spyder. Their release was intended for a single American dealer - Luigi Chinetti, who, being not satisfied with the standard version, asked Sergio Scaglietti and Enzo Ferrari to develop a similar convertible.